List of Nobel Prize Winners in India


indian nobel prize winners, nobel prize winners in india

Nobel Prize Winners in India – Nobel Prize is considered the most important and respected award in the world. The Nobel Prize was started in 1901 and is named after Alfred Nobel.

Alfred Nobel was the inventor of Dynamite and a Swedish citizen.
The Nobel Prize is awarded for the greatest contribution to humanity in five fields and these five fields are Physics, Chemistry, Literature, Peace, and Medical.
The Nobel Foundation was established on 29 June 1990 to award the Nobel Prize.
According to the will of Alfred Nobel, the wealth earned by him should be distributed among the winners in the form of a Nobel Prize.
World’s first Nobel Prize in Physics to W.C. Rontgen, Jacobus Henricus van ‘t Hoff in Chemistry, Emil von Behring was given in medicine, Sully Prudhomme in literature and Frederic Passy and Henry Dunant jointly in peace.
The Nobel Prize in Economics was started in 1968 by the Swedish Central Bank.
The first Nobel Prize in Economics was awarded in 1969 and the prize was jointly awarded to Ragnar Frisch and Jan Tinbergen.

List of Nobel Prize Winners in India

So far only 5 Indians have received the Nobel Prize. Everyone else was either born in India or had some connection with India in one way or the other.

Rabindranath Tagore – (1913)

Rabindranath Tagore was the first Indian and the first Asian to receive the Nobel Prize.
Rabindranath Tagore received the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1913 for writing “Gitanjali”.
Rabindranath Tagore also composed the national anthems of India and Bangladesh. 

When Rabindranath Tagore received the Nobel Prize in 1913, he was the first non-European to receive it.

CV Raman – (1930)

CV Raman was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1930 for the Raman Effect.
CV Raman also received the Bharat Ratna Award (1954). CV Raman passed High school at the age of 11 and Intermediate at the age of 13.
CV Raman obtained a bachelor’s degree from Madras University at the age of just 16. He topped the Madras University in Physics.

Mother Teresa – (1979)

Mother Teresa was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1979. Mother Teresa devoted her entire life to the poor and the sick.

Amartya Sen – (1998)

Amartya Sen was an economist and he received the Nobel Prize in Economics in 1998.
Amartya Sen made a very important contribution to economics. Amartya Sen also received the Bharat Ratna Award in 1999.

Kailash Satyarthi – (2014)

Kailash Satyarthi was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 2014.
Kailash Satyarthi received this award for his NGO “Bachpan Bachao Andolan”.
Kailash Satyarthi and Malala Yousafzai of Pakistan got this Nobel Prize together.

People Born in India or Related to India Got Nobel Prize

Now we will talk about people who were born in India or were of Indian origin in some way but were not Indian citizens at the time of receiving the Nobel Prize.

Ronald Ross – (1902)

Ronald Ross received the Nobel Prize in 1902 for his contribution to the medical field.
He did research on the life cycle of the malarial parasite Plasmodium.
Ronald Ross was born in Almora, India, and was a British citizen.

Rudyard Kipling – (1907)

Rudyard Kipling received the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1907 for his writings.
Rudyard Kipling was born in Mumbai and was a British Indian citizen. Rudyard Kipling’s most famous book was The Jungle Book.

Har Govind Khurana – (1968)

Har Govind Khorana was awarded the Nobel Prize in Medicine in 1968 for his research in genetics and antibiotics.
This award was jointly given by Har Govind Khurana and M.W. Nirenberg was given.
Har Govind Khurana was born in Multan (Pakistan) of undivided India’s Punjab, but when he received the Nobel Prize, he was a US citizen.

Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar – (1983)

Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1983 for his discovery of the Chandrasekhar Limit.
Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar’s uncle was CV Raman who had already received the Nobel Prize.
Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar was born in Lahore and was an American citizen when he received the Nobel Prize.

V.S. Naipaul – (2001)

V.S. Naipaul was a British citizen born in Trinidad and belonging to a Hindu Brahmin family.
He received the Nobel Prize in Literature in 2001. V.S. Naipaul mostly used to write books related to travel.

Rajendra K. Pachauri – (2007)

Rajendra K. Pachauri was the head of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) when this organization received the Nobel Prize.
It is an official organization of the United Nations that works for the improvement of the environment.

The IPCC received the Nobel Prize jointly with former US Vice President Al Gore.

Venkatraman Ramakrishnan – (2009)

Venkatraman Ramakrishnan was awarded the Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 2009 for his research.
Venkatraman Ramakrishnan did his research on the structure of RNA Ribosomes.
Venkatraman Ramakrishnan was born in India but by the time he got the Nobel Prize, he had got British and American citizenship.

Abhijit Banerjee – (2019)

Abhijit Banerjee was awarded the Nobel Prize in Economics in 2019. This award was received for his research on world poverty.
The award was jointly given to Abhijit Banerjee along with E. Duflo and M. Creamer.
Abhijit Banerjee was born in Kolkata but was a US citizen when he received the Nobel Prize.
E. Duflo (France) is his wife and both of them teach at MIT University.
Including these, 6 couples have received the Nobel Prize so far.

Which Country Has Won The Most Nobel Prize

America has won the Nobel Prize the most times. The United Kingdom and Germany come second and third after the United States. This figure is till 2022.

Strange Facts About The Nobel Prize

The most surprising thing is that Mahatma Gandhi was nominated for the Nobel Peace Prize five times (1937, 1938, 1939, 1947, and 1948) but did not receive the Nobel Prize even once.


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