Do Gallbladder Polyps Turn Cancerous

Gallbladder Polyps – When tissues of any part of our body start growing rapidly in an abnormal way, then it becomes like a small lump or grain, It is called polyps. In other words Polyps is a clump of overgrowth cells.

Most (95%) polyps are half an inch or smaller and are not cancerous. While 5% of polyps become cancer.

Gall Bladder Polyps

The gall bladder is a small gland under our liver that stores bile and secretes it into the liver and small intestine as needed.

It is a gland shaped like a pear. Before eating, the gallbladder is full and when we eat food, it squeezes and releases all its bile.

Bile helps in the metabolism of fat in our bodies. It breaks down fat into fatty acids.

Where is the Most Common Place for Polyps

1) Nose

2) Colon

3) Intestines

4) Uterus

5) Throat

6) Ear

7) Stomach and near by Organs

Most polyps are smaller than half an inch and in most cases do not require treatment.

Some polyps are larger than half an inch and can become cancerous.

Polyps whose size is close to 1-inch turn into cancer in most cases and that is why they need immediate treatment.

Symptoms of Gallbladder Polyps

In most cases, polyps of the gallbladder lie without any symptoms and are caught only after getting an ultrasound done.

But some patients may see symptoms like

1) Pain in the right side of the abdomen

2) Vomiting or nausea

3) Feeling full or bloated

4) Not digesting food properly

5) Diarrhea

6) Having trouble eating


gallbladder polyps


Cause of Gallbladder Polyps

1) Obesity

2) Eating excess spicy and fatty foods

3) Old age

4) Genetic reason

5) Any abdominal surgery

6) Auto-Immune Disease

7) Cancer

8) Excess of estrogen hormone in women

9) IBD

10) Excessive consumption of tobacco and alcohol

11) Men have higher chances to get polyps

12) Having a family history of colon cancer

13) Continuous use of PPI

14) If there is a bacterial infection in the stomach

15) Hepatitis-B infection

Types of Gallbladder Polyps

There are mainly 4 types of gallbladder polyps

1) Pseudo-polyps  – These are formed due to excess cholesterol in our diet.

In this, cholesterol sticks to the wall of the gallbladder and gradually forms polyps.

2) Inflammatory Polyps  – Inflammatory polyps are formed when there is inflammation in our gallbladder for a long time.

3) Malignant Polyps – Such polyps are the main cause of cancer. Although it is very rare.

4) Adenomas Polyps  – Adenomas polyps are a type of tumor that occurs in the organ that connects the gallbladder to other parts of the body.

They have a 1% chance that they can become cancer.

Diagnosis of Gallbladder Polyps

1) Ultrasound

2) Endoscopy

3) Biopsy

Treatment of Gallbladder Polyps

Gallbladder polyps don’t need to be treated in most cases.

If the patient is having symptoms or the size of the polyps is increasing or the polyps are at such a place where the functioning of the gallbladder is obstructed, then treatment is started.

Surgery is the best option in treatment, in which Cholecystectomy is done.

Cholecystectomy is done either open or laparoscopic. In Cholecystectomy, the gall bladder is surgically removed.

How Fast Gallbladder Polyps Can Grow

Gallbladder polyps grow less than 2 mm in a year. Normal polyps are many in number.

But those who are Cancerous grow very fast and are lonely.

How to Prevent Gallbladder Polyps

It is not possible to prevent polyps but you can reduce the chances of their growth by making changes in your diet and lifestyle like

1) Loose Weight

2) Do not consume alcohol and tobacco

3) Include vegetables, fruits, and whole grains in your diet

4) Get an ultrasound done in every 6 months

5) Do regular yoga



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